The setup assistant will launch once you turn the computer on. Enter your language, time zone, Apple ID, and so on. The first thing you should do is update macOS to get the latest security updates and patches.
Install the Homebrew package manager. This will allow you to install almost any app from the command line.
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
Make sure everything is up to date.
Here are some the programs I always install.
Don't install Node.js through Homebrew. Use nvm (below).
|Visual Studio Code||text editor|
|Google Chrome||web browser|
|VLC Media Player||media player|
# Core brew install \ git \ yarn \ make \ travis # Cask brew cask install \ visual-studio-code \ google-chrome \ firefox \ opera \ rectangle \ iterm2 \ docker \ vlc \ slack \ keybase \ spotify \ postgres \ postico \ postman
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
Use Node Version Manager (nvm) to install Node.js. This allows you to easily switch between Node versions, which is essential.
curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.35.2/install.sh | bash
Install the latest version.
nvm install node
Restart terminal and run the final command.
nvm use node
Confirm that you are using the latest version of Node and npm.
node -v npm -v
For later, here's how to update nvm.
nvm install node --reinstall-packages-from=node
Here's how to switch to another version and use it.
nvm install xx.xx nvm use xx.xx
And to set the default:
nvm alias default xx.xx
The first thing you should do with Git is set your global configuration.
Input your config and create some aliases.
[user] name = Firstname Lastname email = firstname.lastname@example.org [github] user = username [alias] a = add ca = commit -a cam = commit -am cm = commit -m s = status pom = push origin master pog = push origin gh-pages puom = pull origin master puog = pull origin gh-pages cob = checkout -b co = checkout fp = fetch --prune --all l = log --oneline --decorate --graph lall = log --oneline --decorate --graph --all ls = log --oneline --decorate --graph --stat lt = log --graph --decorate --pretty=format:'%C(yellow)%h%Creset%C(auto)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)%an%Creset'
With the above aliases, I can run
git s instead of
git status, for example. The less I have to type, the happier I am.
Simplify the process of SSHing into other boxes. Create an SSH config file.
mkdir ~/.ssh && touch ~/.ssh/config
Add the following contents, changing the variables for any hosts that you connect to. Using the below will be the same as running
ssh -i ~/.ssh/key.pem email@example.com.
Host * AddKeysToAgent yes UseKeychain yes IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa Host myssh HostName example.com User user IdentityFile ~/.ssh/key.pem
Now just run the alias to connect.
You can generate an SSH key to distribute.
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
ssh-add -K ~/.ssh/id_rsa
I don't like a lot of the Apple defaults so here are the things I always change.
To get the Home folder in the finder, press
CMD + SHIFT + H and drag the home folder to the sidebar.
- Set Dark mode
- Make Google Chrome default browser
- Automatically hide and show Dock
- Show indicators for open applications
- Key Repeat -> Fast
- Delay Until Repeat -> Short
- Disable "Correct spelling automatically"
- Disable "Capitalize words automatically"
- Disable "Add period with double-space"
- Disable "Use smart quotes and dashes"
- Allow apps downloaded from App Store and identified developers
- Turn FileVault On (makes sure SSD is securely encrypted)
- Turn Firewall On (extra security measure)
- Change computer name
- Make sure all file sharing is disabled
- Add "Rectangle" to Login items
A few more commands to change some defaults.
# Show Library folder chflags nohidden ~/Library # Show hidden files defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles YES # Show path bar defaults write com.apple.finder ShowPathbar -bool true # Show status bar defaults write com.apple.finder ShowStatusBar -bool true # Prevent left and right swipe through history in Chrome defaults write com.google.Chrome AppleEnableSwipeNavigateWithScrolls -bool false
- Turn off "Warn before quitting"
- Install uBlock Origin
- Install DevTools Theme - New Moon
- Set theme to "Dark"
- Go to
chrome://flagsand set Developer Tools Experiments to "Enabled"
- Go to Experiments and select "Allow custom UI themes"
CMD + SHIFT + Pand click "Install code command in PATH".
- Install Prettier
- Install New Moon Theme
- Install GitLens
- Install Highlight Matching Tag
- Copy Line Down -
CMD + SHIFT + E
- Delete Line -
CMD + SHIFT + D
- Reload Window - Remove Development Mode from When
- Format Document -
CMD + SHIFT + L
- Copy Line Down -
- Full Screen:
CMD + SHIFT + '(prevents messing with other commands)
- Left Half:
CMD + OPTION + LEFT
- Right Half:
CMD + OPTION + RIGHT
- Use ⌥ ← and ⌥→ to jump forwards / backwards
- Set tab to open in same location
That sums it up for my current preferences on setting up a MacBook Pro. I hope it helped speed up your process or gave you ideas for the next time you're setting one up.